Indian Freedom Fighters in Andaman Cellular Jail

The Andaman Islands are indissolubly associated with catastrophic memories of sufferings and sacrifices of the brave sons of India and thus have gained a prime place in the history of the Indian Freedom struggle. Since that place is rendered sacred by the dust of the Indian martyrs` feet and their sweat and blood, it not only enkindles interest and curiosity in the minds of every proud Indian but also it becomes a place of pilgrimage. The Ex-Andaman Political Prisoners Fraternity Circle very rightly refers to the Andamans as Mukti Tirtha - The Pilgrimage of Salvation.


The deportation to the Andaman Jail started in 1858 with the political prisoners of what Vinayak Damodar Savarkar called the Indian War of Independence 1857, in which Mangal Pandey became the first martyr on 10th May 1857. This struggle was founded both on religious and political grounds to resist the cruel suppression let loose by the East India Company (EIC). Freedom fighters were obliterated in thousands. There was hardly any region in northern India where corpses were not hanging from gallows, which reminded the people about the wrath of the government: Thousands were sentenced to imprisonment by holding fake trials.

The exact number of freedom fighters who were expatriated to the Andaman Cellular Jail cannot be determined for lack of relevant records.Sadly, all the names of the Indian freedom fighters of 1857 deported to the Andamans are not available, but a few of them have come to light through the official record in the archives or memoirs and biographies of the individuals.

Two names of Indian Freedom Fighters are, however, mentioned in Dr. J.P Walker`s letter to the Government of India in 1858. One of them was Narain sentenced for life on 31st July 1857 to transportation for having agitated sedition against the British rule in the cantonment of Dinapore (Danapur, Bihar). As his plan fell flat, he was arrested and transported to the Andamans. On the fourth day of Narain`s arrival, he tried to escape from the Chatham Island by swimming to the mainland Port Blair (At that time Chatham was a separate island but has since been connected with Port Blair by a bridge) and had almost succeeded. He was fired upon, and was made to alter his course. Narain was captured by Boat`s crew. He was sentenced to death and hanged on the same day. Narain was the first to go to the gallows in the Andamans. The other was Naranjan Singh who was convicted in Bengal for absconding. He was sentenced to expatriation for life and was sent to the Andamans. He hung himself on Ross Island on 14th March 1858.


Anant Singh
Assam Railway Action and Chittagong Armoury raid Nandan Kanan

s/o Late Golap Singh. Joined Masterda's Party in 1918. participated in Assam Railway Action in 1923. Arrested under ordinance in 1924 and 1926. One of the Chief leaders of the Armoury Raid. He voluntarily surrendered. Joined the second hunger strike in Cellular Jail and another one in Alipore jail. Repatriated January 1938. Released 31st August 1946. Total jail period 20 years.

Bhan Singh
First Lahore Conspiracy Case

Born at Suner, Ludhiyana, Punjab,s/o Saran Singh. Sentenced to life imprisonment on 13.09 1915. Deported to Andamans. He was beaten to death by prison staff in a mad fury and lust for revenge for having dared to attempt the overthrow of the British Rule.


Hazra Singh
Ooty Bank Action Village Bhahuri, dist Hoshiarpur

s/o Late Raja singh. Arrested in 1931and lodged in Lahore Fort. Escaped from there and was again arrested in Ootacamund, Tamilnadu. Ooty Bank Action Case. He was sentenced to 10 years R.I. He escaped from custody but was rearrested and deported to Cellular jail,Andamans. After release, while working in Jamshedpur on a picket line at at strike a factory hired lorry of the management ran him over and crushed him to death. As he refused to let the lorry pass through the gate. The lorry was transporting strike breakers. Participated in the second hunger strike in Andamns.

Late Birendra Chandra Sen
Alipore Bomb Case

Born at Shillong originally at Baniachong- Sylhet, Bangladesh, s/o Late kailash Chandra Sen, was a college student at the time of his arrest in Alipore Bomb Case. Convicted tom 7 years R.I. Repatriated in 1914 and released in 1915, but kept interned for 4 years. Arresyted in Quit India movement in 1942 and served 10 months imprisonment.

Laxmi Kant Shukla
Jhansi Commissioner Bomb Case

Born 1930 at Unnao, U.P. s/o Pt. Gopi Krishna Shukla. Joined the H.S.R.A. Sentenced for life in 1930. Sent to Andamns same year.

Mahavir Singh
Lahore Conspiracy Case ( 1929-1930)

Born 16th September 1908, Shahpur, Tahala- Etah, U.P.,s/o Kunwar Devi Singh. Was a student D.A.V. College, Kanpur. Joined H.S.R.A. Drove the car by which Bhagat Singhand Rajguru escaped. After gunning down Saunders. Arrested in the summer of 1929. Sentenced to transportation to life. Deported to the Andamans. Participated in the first hunger strike and fell victim to the brutal force feeding process. He died 17th May 1933.

Ram Singh

Jaipur Commissioner Shooting Case (1933) and Dogra Police Commissioner, C.I.B. Jaipur (1934)

Born Ajmer, Rajasthan. Aaaarrested in February 1935 and sentenced to 14 years R.I. in each case to run concurrently. Deported to Andamans in 1936. Repatriated in 1937. Released from Lucknow distt. Jail in 1941. Total jail period 6 years.

Sachindra Nath Sanyal
Kakori Train Action and Benaras Conspiracy Case

Born 1893 in Varanasi, s/o late Harinath Sanyal, joined Anusheelan Samity 1907. Arrested in 1914 as accused in Benaras Conspiracy Case. Sentenced for life and deported to Andamans. His house was confiscated by the British. Released in 1920. He was a founder member of H.R.A.in 1924.He was arrested on 25.02.1925 in Calcutta in connection with Kakori train Actin and again given a life sentence. In prison, caught T.B. and released in 1937. Again arrested in 1941 but being a T.B. patient was released and interned in Gorakhpur,U.P. He died on 7th February 1942.


Sardar Gurmukh Singh
First Lahore Conspiracy Case, Gadar Movement

Born at Nathana, Ludhiyana, Punjab, s/o Kanwal Singh. Returned to India on board the Ship Kamagatamaru and was arrested at Budge Budge in 24 Paraganas, West Bengal in 1914. Given transportation for life and deported to Andamans. After repatriation escaped from running train in 1922. Went to Russia via Afghanisthan. Came back to India and was arrested and was sent to Andamans. Took part in second hunger strike in Cellular Jail. Repatriated in November 1937. released in 1945. Died in the late seventies.

Baba Prithvi Singh Azad
Lahore Conspiracy Case ( First)

Born in village labru-Patiala-Punjab. One of the founder members of the Gadar Party. Sentenced to death in the Lahore Conspiracy Case 1915. Afterwards commuted to life imprisonment. Deported to Cellular jail- Andamans. Repatriated to mainland and while on transit to Nagpur Central Jail escaped from police custody from a running mail train on 29-11-1922. Led an underground life for sixteen years. In 1938, he voluntarily surrendered to Mahatma Gandhi. He was again arrested by the British Government. But was released with the outbreak of the second world war(1939).

Gopal Acharya
Atharabari Mail Action

Born 1911-Usthi, Myamansingh ( now in Bangladesh) s/o late Ambikakanta Acharya. Belonged to 'Anusheelan Samity'. Sentenced to seven years prison term in Atharbari Mail Action in September 1931. Deported to Andamans. Took part in the two hunger strikesw in Cellular Jail 1933 May, 45 days and 1937 July , 37 days. Repatriated and released in 1937. Externed from Calcutta in June 1940. Again arrested and detained under Defense of India rules from July 1940 to July 1942. Total jail period more than eight years.
Shri Gopal Acharya
Shri Shambhu Nath Azad

Shambhu Nath Azad
Ooty Bank Action

Arrested in connection with Ooty Bank Action. Awarded ten years rigourous imprisonment. Deported to the Andamans. Participated in the second hunger strike there July 1937, 37 days,repatriated in1937 and released in 1938. Suffered detention in prison in 1942.

Shyam Krishna Agarwal

Patna Revolutionary Cinspiracy Case

Son of Banwari Lal,residence Bihar, age 19 years(1932). Sent up in Patna revolutionary conspiracy case (1932). Sentenced on 18 April 1932 to transportation for life. . Deported to the Cellular Jail in May 1935. Permanent incarcerated No. 299. repatriated in 1937 and was released after the formation of Congress ministeries in different provinces of India .

Dr. Bhupal Bose
Dalhousie Square Bomb Case

S/o late Kaminikumar Bose-landlord, Dacca, Bangladesh. Joined Revolutionary Party at the age of 11. Involved for Dalhousie Square bomb case in which a bomb was thrown on the Calcutta Police Commissioner, Charles Tegart on 25.08.1930 at 11 A.M.. Arrested and sentenced to fifteen tears rigourous imprisonment. Joined hunger strike in Cellular Jail, 45 days 1933 May. Released and again detained under D.I.R. Total jail period about 14 years. Breathed his last on 27th February 1981.

Bibhuti Banerjee
Mechua Bazar Bomb Case

Born 1917, Tejpur, Dacca( Bangladesh),S/o Lalit Mohan banerjee, While a student came in contact with revolutionary party. Arrested and tried by the special Magistrate in Dacca and convicted to 5 years R.I. under Arms act. Deported to the Cellular jail, Andamans. Repatriated in 1937. He died leaving behind his widowed wife.

Bidhu Guha Biswas

Born in 1910, Dacca -Bangladesh. S/o Late Jogesh Chandra Guha Biswas , Joined Sree sangha at the age of 15, remained underground for party works for about two years. Arrested in 1931 in Calcutta with weapons. Tried in Alipore court and sentenced to five years R.I. Deported to Cellular Jail ,Andamans. Participated in the first hunger strike there, 1933 may-duration 45 days. Repatriated and released. Total jail period 7 years.

Chndra Kanta Bhattacharya
Ramchandrapur Mail Action

Born at Bidyakut, tripura. Belonged to Anushilan Samity s/o Late Umesh Chandra Bhattacharya. Arrested in connection with Ramchandrapur Mail Action. Sentenced to 8 years prison term. Deported to the Andamans. Participated in the second Hunger Strike in Cellular Jail -Andamans July 1937, 37 days. Repatriated in 1937. Released in 1938. Total jail period seven years. He is no more in the living.



Haripada Banerjee
Birbhum Conspiracy Case

Born 16th July 1915. Asansol, Burdwan, s/o Late Amritlal Banerjee. Matriculate was a member of Yuganter Party under Bipin Behari Ganguly. Arrested in connection with Birbhum Conspiracy case on 17th February 1934. Sentenced 5 years imprisonment. Deported to Andamans. Participated in the second hunger strike in Cellular Jail in July 1931-37 days. Repatriated and released in 1938. remained continued in jail during the second world war (1930-45) for two years. Total jail period more than 6 years. He is no more in the living.

Pravakar Biruni

Born 17.02.1898- Bankura, West Bengal. S/o late Shashibhushan Biruni. Participated in the civil disobedience movement in 1930 and suffered imprisonment. Came in touch with Anusheelan Samity. Arrested 28.08.34. and convicted under Arms act for 5 years R.I. Deported to Cellular jail, Andamans. Participated in the second hunger strike. 1937 July- duration 37 days. Released 1939. Died in 1976. Total jail period more than 5 years.



Pramod ranjan Bose
Watson shooting Case

Chakdah, faridpur( now Bangladesh) s/o/ Late Jamini Kanta basu. Arrested in 1932 in connection with Watson shooting case . Convicted for 10 years R.I. belonged to Yugantar Party. Deported to Andamans. Participated in the second hunger strike in Cellular Jail-1937 July duration 37 days. Repatriated in 1937. Released in 1938. Total jail period about 7 years. He is no more in living.

Satya ranjan Bose
Shibpur- Nadia Action-30.09.15

Born 1889, Barisal ( Bangladesh) , s/o Late Sonakanta Bose. Arrested in connection with Shibpur- Nadia Action.- 30.09.15. Place Shibpur, P.S. Kotwali, Nadia. A student of B.A. class. Joined Anusheelan Samity. Judgement given on 16.02.1916. Sentenced to life term. Deported to Andamans. Repatriated in 1921. Released in 1925/26. He is living no more.



Shashi Mohan Bhattacharya
Thangel Action Case

S/o Surendra Mohan Bhattacharya. Tippara, Bengal. Arrested for ThangelAction Case.Deported to Cellular Jail in 1933. Repatriated in 1937-38.

Priyada Chakraborty

Bathua Action and Conspiracy Case Fatehabad, s/o Late Durga Charan Chakraborty. Chittagong. Younger brother of Mokshada Chakraborty convicted in the Bathua Action and Conspiracy case to 25 years prison term. Deported to Andamans. Took part in the second hunger strike in Cellular Jail in 1937, july for 37 days and another one in Alipore central Jail in 1939, July for 36 days. Released in 1946 August. Total jail period thirteen years.

Jogendra Chandra Chakraborty

Kamalpur Action S/o Late Debendra Nath Chakraborty. Born at Nitabkandi, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. A member of Jugantar Party at the age of 14. Arrested in September 1932 and convicted for three and a half years and an year and a half in mainland jails.

Akshoy Kumar Choudhury

Bolla Action Born kaitara, West Dinajpur, West Bengal, s/o Late Pratap Chandra Choudhury. Belonged to Yugantar Party. Arrested in connection with Bolla Action. Sentenced to ten years prison term. Deported to Andamns. Took part in the second hunger strike in Cellular Jail in July 1933 for 37 days. Total jail period more that six years.

Ananta Chakraborty ( Bholada)
Conspiracy and Bomb case

Born 6th April, 1901, Rakudia, Barisal ,Bangladesh, s/o Late Chandramoni Chakraborty. Joined Yugantar Party at 14. Known to Sachndranath Sanyal And jati Das. Arrested in November 1925 in connection with the Conspiracy and Bomb Case. Sentenced to seven years R.I. in this case. Subsequently in Bhupen Chatterjee killing incident within Alipore Central Jail ( 28.05.1926) He was made an accused by special tribunal sentencec for life term. First he was sent to Burma Jail and from there deported to Cellular Jail , Andamans in 1933. Joined the two hunger strikes there in 1933 and 1937, for 45 and 37 days respectively. Repatriated and released in 1938. Total jail period more than 13 years.


Ananta Kumar Chakraborty
Under Ground Party work

Born 1911, Bhawal, Dacca, Bangladesh, s/o Late Durga Mohan Chakraborty Amin of Bhawal Estate. Joined Anusheelan Samity at the age of 15 when he was a school student. Went underground for party work and for three years police could not apprehend him. Finally arrested and sentenced to 5 years R.I. in 1933. deported to Andamans. Joined the second hunger strike in 1937 or 37 days. Released in1939. Total jail period more thatn 5 years.

Anukul Chatterjee Angaria
Postal Mail action

Born 11.01.1908, Madaripur, Faridpur, Bangladesh, s/o Late Sarat Chandra Chatterjee. Matriculated , joined Yugantar Party. Arrested in Angaria Postal Mail Action in16.05.1932. sentenced to 10 years R.I.Deported to Andamns. Participated in second hunger strike in 1937. Repatriated in1937. After release detained in jail for Anti- War activities ( II World War) in 1940. Released in 1946 and went underground. Total jail period more thatn 11 years.

Bankim Chakraborty
Arms Act

Born 25th March 1911, Agartala, Tripura, s/o Late Pratap Chandra Chakraborty. Belonged to Yugantar Party. Remained underground for about a year April 1931 to May 1932. Arrested with a fire arm on 06.05.1932 and sentenced to 5 years prison terms under Arms Act. Deported to Andamans. Took part in first hunger strike in May 1933 for 45 days. After repatriation and release ,interned in Narayangarh, Midnapore for about 2 years. Total jail period more than 5 years.

Bimalendu Chakraborty
Zilla School Action Case

Born 10th October 1913, Bajra-joni-Atpara, Dacca, Bangladesh, s/o Late Hemchandra Chakraborty. Belonged to Anusheelan Samity. Remained underground from August 1930 to November 1931. Arrested in connection with Zilla School Action Case on23rd November 1931 at Barisal. Sentenced to 7 years jail term. Deported to Andamans. Took part in first hunger strike in 1933 for 45 days. On health ground repatriated after two years of incarciration in Cellular Jail. Served the rest of the prison term in mainland jail. Total jail period more than six years.

Birubhushan Chakraborty
Rangpur Conspiracy Case

Born 1918, Patnakhali, Barisal, Bangladesh, s/o Late Indubhushan Chakraborty, a revolutionary freedom fighter, belonged to Yugantar Party. While he was a college student arrested in connectionwith Rangpur Conspiracy Case and was awarded a prison term of 7 years. Deported to Andamans. Repatriated and released in 1939. total jail period more than six years.

Batukeshwar Dutt
Central Assembly Bomb Case

Alias Battu, s/o Gosta Bihari Dutt, Oari village, Khanda, Burdwan, U.P. aws member of Hindusthan Socialist Republican Army and a close friend of Chandrasekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh. Working in Kanpur for the party . Know how to make friends. He along with Bhagat Singh had thrown bomb in the Central Assembly on 8th April 1929 to register protest of the patriotic Indian people against the Trade dispute bill and raised the slogan " Inquilab Zindabad" Sent up in Central Assembly bomb case. Sentenced on 12th June 1929 to life imprisonment from the court of session Judge of Delhi under section 307 Indian Penal Code and 4 Explosive Act. Deported to the Cellular Jail .Participated in two hunger strikes in Cellular Jail. Rapatriated in 1937. Released from Bankipur jail in the year 1938.

Atul Chandra Dutta
Arms Conspiracy Case

Born in Faridpur, Bangladesh, s/o arindamohan Dutta . Sentenced 23.11.1935 to 6 years imprisonment under Arms Act. Deported to Andamans. Took part in the second hunger strike. Repatriated in 1938 and released.


Bidhubhushan Dey
Khulna Conspiracy Case

S/o Krishto Lal Dey, residence Paikpara, West Bengal. belonged toAlka Anusheelan Samity . Took part in Nangla Khulna Action Case. Sentenced on 30th August 1910 to seven years transportation. Deported to Andamans. Repatriated to Sialkot Jail in 1915.

Deb Kumar Das
Arms Conspiracy Case

Born Barisal, later settled Puri gram, rangpur, Bangladesh. Arrested in Calcutta. Sentenced to 6 years prison deported to the Andamans. Took part in the second hunger strike. Released in 1938. Total jail period more than 5 years.


Hridaya Kanta Das
Faridpur Conspiracy Case

S/o Late Rathikanta Das, Born 1911 at Korakadi, Faridpur, Bangladesh. I.A. student. Member of Anusheelan Samity at the age of 17.Convicted for 5 years on 23.12.1932. Was in Cellular Jail for about 4 years . Intermnment for about one year.

Karthik Chandra Dey Das
Arms Conspiracy Case

Born 1910 at Lakutia, Barisal, Bangladesh, s/o Late Gopal Chandra Dey. Joined young league at the age of 20. Arrested and sentenced for 5 years under Arms Act at Haripal. Deported to the Andamans. Total jail period 5 years and internment about one year.


Ullaskar Dutta
Alipore Bomb Case

S/o Late Dwijadas Dutta. A degree holder in Agriculture from London University and a student of Presidency College. Thrashed Professor Russell for uttering derogatory remarks on Bengalese and was expelled from College. He was an expert in the manufacture of high explosives. Arrested in Alipore Bomb Case. He was sentenced to death. On appeal commuted to life transportation and deported to the Andamans. Due to brutal torture in Cellular Jail he lost his mental balance and was repatriated and released in 1920. Arrested again in 1931 for violating P.C.144 and awarded 18 months imprisonment.

Nalini Das

Born 01.01.1910, Uttar Shahbazpur, Barisal, Bangladesh.s/o Late Durgamohan Das. Arrested at Bhola in 1921, in Non-co-operation movement. Belonged to Yugantar Party , went underground in relation to Mechua Bazar Bomb Case.Arrested and confined in Hijli Camp. In December 1931 escamped from the camp and while in hiding at Chandannagar had an encounter with the local police in which the poilice commissioner M. Quin was killed. Wounded but escaped. Arrested from a house on Cornwallis St. in Calcutta while trying to break the police cordon. Sentenced to transportation to life . Deported to Andamans. Participated in hunger strike in the Cellular jail. Reapatriated in 1938. Joined another hunger strike in July in Alipore jail in Calcutta. Released on 31st August 1946. Total jail period, 14 years.


Ranadhir Das Gupta
Chittagong Armoury Raid Case

Born 1910,Chittagong, Bangladesh, s/o Late Kabraj Jayanta Das Gupta . Was a college student. Participated in the assault on the armoury and fought a pitched battle on the Jalalabad hills with the Army. On 20.04.1930.Joined the second hunger strike in Cellular jail . repatriated 1937 September. Released 1937 December . Total jail period about 8 years.


Achyut Ghatak
Explosives Act

Born 1908,Singapura, Dacca, Bangladesh. Joined Yugantar Party. Arrested and convicted under Explosive Act to five years R.I.Deported to Andamans. Participated in the first hunger strike. After release was rearrested and detained under B.C.L.A. subsequently home interned.

Anand Gupta
Chittagong Armoury Raid Case

s/o Late Jogendra Mohan Gupta - businessman,College student. Joined the party of Masterda Surya Sen in 1927, was one of those fighters under Ambica Chakraborty who made an assault on the Telegraph office to make it operative. Arrested in Chandannagar ( near Calcutta) on 01.09.1930 along with Ganesh Ghosh and Loknath Ball, was one of the hunger strikers in Cellular Jail . Repatriated in 1937. Released in 1943 - Total jail period 13 years.


Bejoy Kumar Ghosh
Birbhum Conspiracy Case

Alias Khela, s/o Tinkari Ghosh , Naogram, Labhpur, Veerbhum,Bengal. Sent up in birbhum Conspirscy case for 6 years of prison term in Sepember 1934 and second term was awarded on 10th November 1934 to 6 months imprisonment.Deported to Andamans in 1935. Repatriated during 1937-38.


Nani Das Gupta
Seinga Action Case

Born 1912 at Beldakha, Barisal, Bangladesh. S/o late Jogesh Chandra Dasgupta. Was a graduate student. Arrested and convicted to 10 yrs. R.I under Arms Act. Deported to Andamans. Participated in second hunger strike. Repatriated in January 1938. Total jail period about eight years. Died in 1956.


Prabir Kumar Goswami
Arms Act

S/o Surendra Kishore Goswami, Mymensingh, Bangladesh . Arrested in the alleagation of trespassing and threatening, collection of illegal arms, conspiracy for murder and robbery of post bags at Kishoregunj in 1932. Awarded a total of 16 and half years imprisonment . deported to Cellular jail in the yaer 1932. Repatriated during 1937-38.

Sachindra Lal Kar Gupta
Alipore Bomb and Conspiracy Case

s/o Rash Bihari Kar Gupta , Nalchara, Mandi, Barisal, Bangladesh. Arrested in connection with bomb and explosive conspiracy , Alipore.sentenced on 14 June 1930 to seven years imprisonment . Again sentenced on 20 March, 1933 to 6 years imprisonment in allegation of absconding from jail for 10 months. Deported to Cellular jail in 1934. Repatriated during 1937.


Sreedhar Goswami
Kamalpur Action Case

S/o Dharmendra Goswami, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.Sentenced on 19 April 1933 to 7 years prison term for Kamalpur Action Case. Deported to Andamans in 1934. Repatriated during 1937-38.

Sudhanshu Sen Gupta
Bakargunj Explosive Case

1932 S/o Manoranjan Sengupta , Goyala, Gorani, Barisal, Bangladesh. Sent up in Bakargunj Explosive Case , 1932 on seven years imprisonment on 13 December 1932. Deported to Cellular jail in 1933. Repatriated in 1937-38.


Sushil Das Gupta
Rangpur Action Case

S/o Mohini Dasgupta , Rangpur, Bangladesh. While a student of Rajshahi College got injured during action at Rajshahi and became unconscious. Later taken to hospital and then sentenced to 6 years imprisonment in the year 1932 . Deported to Andamans in August 1932. Repartriated during 1937-38. In the year 1947, communal riots broke out in Bengal as a result of partition, was leading a peace misson at park circus area in Calcutta whenstabbed to death and courted martydom.

Babu Ram Hari

Editing Seditious Articles in Swarajya Newspaper At age 22 edit only two issues of Swarajya. Arrested and produced before a sessions judge, who sentenced him to 10 years transportation . Deported to Andamans in October 1910. Repatriated ti Indian jail in1915.

Serajul Haque

Born 15.02.1907, Hooghly, West Bengal s/o Late Abdul Jalil-Govt service, Sub Registrar. Joined Yugantar Party at the age of 17. Participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930 and had to suffer imprisonment for 3 months. Arrested on 03.11.1931 and convincedto 5 years R.I. under Arms Act in Calcutta. Deported to Andamans. Participated in the first hunger strike. Repatriated and released but interned.

Dr. Gaya Prasad Katiyar
Lahore Conspiracy Case

Born 1901 , Jagadishpur, s/o late Manjiram Kyer joined H.R.A. in 1925. Arrested at Saharanpur in 1929 in connection with Lahore Conspiracy Case. Joined the hunger strike at Lahore jail.remained underground for about two years. Sentenced to transportation for life. Deported to the Andamans. Took part in the first and second hunger strike. Repatriated in 1937. Released bur again arrested and kept confined in jail till 1946. Total jail period 17 years.

Harekrishna Konar
Action and Arms finding

Born 05.08.1915. Kumargaria, Raina, Burdwan. S/o Late Saratchandra Konar, businessman. When a school student arrested in civil disobedience movement 1930. Arrested in 1932 in connection with an action and Arms finding at Memari, Burdwan, West Bengal on 15.09.32. He was than a student of Bangabasi College. Sentenced to 6years R.I. and deported to the Cellular jail, Andamans. Participated in first hunger strike. Released in 1938. Total jail period about 8 years.


Joydev Kapoor
Lahore Conspiracy Case

Born 1907, Shahabad , Hardoi, U.P. s/o Late Saligram Kapoor was a student of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering B.H.U. Joined H.R>A. at the age of 18. Before arrest remained undergrounf for one year. Arrested at Saharanpur in 1929 in connection with Lahore Conspiracy Case.

Lodha Ram Kapur

Took up editorship of Swarajya. Hails from Varaichannalain in the district of Gujarat. He aws prosecuted for three articles published in Swarajya Newspaper. The trying judge in his judgement inter alia remaks. The court finds the accused on all three offences and sentenced him to transportation for ten years for each one of the three offences. Deported to Andamans.


Uma Shankar Kongar
Birbhum Conspiracy Case

Born 1915, Bahari, Bolpur, Birbhum, s/o Late Aditya Prasanna Kongar. Was an Intermediaet student oh Sreerampur College at the time of arrest. Arrested in connection with Birbhum Conspiracy Case in late 1933. Sent up for trial and was sentenced to five years imprisonment. Deported to the Andamans in the fall of 1935. Participated in the second hunger strike . Repatriated in 1937. Released in 1938. During world war second was under internment.


Birendra Chandar Lahiri
Kamalpur Action Case

S/o Ram Chandra Lahiri. Lived at Kavyatirtha, Bengal. Sentenced on 19.4.1933 to 10yrs imprisonment and deported to Andamans in Jan 1934. Repatriated during 1937/38.

Sudhangshu Kumar (Kiran) Lahiri
Kamalpur Action Case

S/o Rajendra Chandra Lahiri. Residence Usti, Gaffargaon, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Sentenced on 19.4.1933 to 10 yrs imprisonment. Deported to Andamans in 1934 and repatriated during 1937/38


Khushi Ram Mehta
Ooty Bank Action

Sentenced to 10 years R.I. Deported to the Andamans. Participated in second hunger strike. Repatriated in 1937 and released in 1938.

Ajit Kumar Mitra

Born 1910, Calcutta, s/o Late Probodh Chandra Mitra businessman. At the age of 18 came in contact with the Yugantar Party was a diploma holder of Society of Engineers ( India). Arrested in Calcutta with Arms. Sentenced by the special Magistrate to 10 years imprisonment on 31.01.1934. Deported to the Cellular jail, Andamans. Joined the second hunger strike there. Released in 1939. Total jail period more than 5 years.


Late Jagadananda Mukherjee
Arms Act

Born 1907. Boalia, Ghoramara, Rajshahi town, Bangladesh. S/o Late Ramapada Mukherjee. Belonged to Anusheelan Samity. Prior to arrest remained underground for about 2 years. Convicted under Arms Act for 7 years. Deported to Andamans. Took part in two hunger strikes. Repatriated and released in 1939. Total jail period 7 years.

Mohit Mitra
Arms Act.


Born in Calcutta. S/o Late Hemchandra Moitra. Lived in Natun, Bharenga, Pabna, Bangladesh. Belonged to Yugantar Party Rangpur group. Arrested on February 2nd 1932 in Calcutta. Sentenced to 5 years prison. Deported to the Andamans.Took part in first hunger strike in May 1933. While on hunger strike developed Lober Pneumonia. As a result of the pouring in of milk in the wind pipe instead of stomach. While being forcibly fed by a rubber tube. Rashly pushed through the nasal passage in consequence was martyred on 20.05 1933 in the Cellular jail.


Shri AbhoyPada Mukherjee
Arms Act

Born 1907. Boalia, Ghoramara, Rajshahi town, Bangladesh. S/o Late Ramapada Mukherjee. Belonged to Anusheelan Samity. Prior to arrest remained underground for about 2 years. Convicted under Arms Act for 7 years. Deported to Andamans. Took part in two hunger strikes. Repatriated and released in 1939. Total jail period 7 years.



Shri Amar Mukherjee

Explosive Act Arrested in Calcutta and was sentenced to prison term of 5 years under Explosive Act on 14.10.1931. Deported to Andamans. Took part in the hunger strike in the Cellular jail.


Shri Hotilal Verma

Editor,Swarajya, Urdu Weekly Arrested and sentenced for 10 years and deported to Andamans.

Shri Shiva Verma
Lahore Conspiracy Case ( 1929- 1930)

Born 09.02.1904 at Kalauli, Hardoi, U.P. S/o Late K.L.Verma. was a B.Sc. student at D.A.V. College, Kanpur. Was an executive committee member of the H.S.R.A. and an organiser of U.P. Was arrested on 13th May 1929 and sentenced for life and deported to the Andamans. Took part in both hunger strike. After release was arrested several times and remained confined in jail till 1947.


Shri Amritendu Mukharjee
Anti British Students Movement

Born 1908, Krishnanagar, Nadia , West Bengal , s/o Late Panchanan Mukherjee Land owner. Came in contact with Yugantar Party in 1924. Took part in Anti British Students Movement in 1921. Matriculated. Arrested at Krishnanagar on 10.10.1934. Sentenced to 5 years R.I. under Arms Act. Participated in the second hunger strike in Cellular Jail. Released in 1939. Interned in 1940. Got a conviction for 6 months for violation interment. Total jail period more than 5 years.

Jyotish Majumdar
Interprovincial Conspiracy Case

14.02.1908, Paikardi, Tipperah, Bangladesh,s/o Late Mohim Chandra Mazumdar. Belonged to Anusheelan Samity . Before arrest remained underground for about two years. Arrested in December 1932 in connection with Interprovincial Conspiracy Case. Sentenced to 4 and half years prison term. Deported to the Andamans. Took part in the second hunger strike. Repatriated in January, 1938. Took part in another hunger strike in Alipore jail. Served prison term during civil disobedience movement of 1930.After release detained under D.I.R. Total jail period more than 13 years.


Shri KiritiBhusan Majumdar
Bathua Action And Conspiracy Case

BORN 02.03.1922, Kadurkhil, Chittagong, Bangladesh, s/o Late Ramani Ranjan Majumdar. Belonged to Anusheelan Samity. Arrested in 1934 in connection wuth Bathua Action and Conspiracy Case. Sentenced to a prison term of 7 years. Deported to Andamans. Took part in second hunger strike. Repatriated in January 1938. Released in 1939. Total jail period about 6 years.


Shri Adhir Kumar Nag
Dacca Station road Action

Born 1916 at Dibrugar, Assam, s/o Late Mohinimohan Nag. Joined Anusheelan Samity at age of 13. Arrested in 1932. Convicted to 7 years R.I. Deported to the Andamans. Joined second hunger strike. Repatriated in 1937.and released in 1939. Arrested again in 1940 under D.I.R. and served 6 months jail term. Total jail period more than7 years.

Shri SachindraKar Nandi
Naldanga Action

Born 01.07.1906, gaibandha, Rangpur, Bangladesh, S/o Late Surendra Kumar Nandi. Belonged to Anusheelan Samity. Arrested in action in 1933. Deported for 7 years prison term to Andamns. Took aprt in second hunger strike. Total jail period 7 years.

Dwarka Prasad Pande
Chowri Choara Case

Born at Jindapur, Junglekuria, Gorakhpur, U.P. s/o Late Nepal Prasad Pandey. Was involved in the famous Chowri- Chowra case were police fired on unarmed people. They were infuriated and burnt the police station. 26 persons died. He was given a life term sentence. Deported to the Andamans in 1923. repatriated in 1930 and released in 1937. He was rearrested in1942. Total jail period about 20 years. He died in January 1982. gandhji withdrew his Non Cooperation movement after this popular upsurge.

Keshav Prasad
Gaya Conspiracy Case

Born in Gaya, Bihar, participated in Civil disobedience movement. Joined Hindusthan Socialist republican Army. Arrested in gaya in connection wuth Explosives and Arms Seizure incidence. Sentenced to prison term of 7 years in 1933. and deported to the Andamans. Took part in second hunger strike. Repatriated in 1937 and released in 1938. In early seventies he became a sanyasi and took an ashram life in Vrindavan.


Pandit Parmanand (Jhansi)
Lahore Conspiracy Case (1915)

Connected with the Gaddar movement while in Singapore. Had contact with the 5th mohammadan platoon and the 35th Sikh regiment there. Enthused them to rise in revolt against the British Raj. Authorities trid to nab him but he went underground and surfaced back in India. HE was arrested in Lahore in 1915. Sentenced to death in the first Lahore Conspiracy Case. This was subsequently commuted to life imprisonment and sent to the Andamans. For thrashing a Supdt. In the Cellular Jail, the sadist Bari, he was flogged. He was repatriated and released in 1922. He participated in the Civil disobedience movement in 1931 and Quit India Movement in 1942 and suffered various other imprisonment terms.

Satish Chandra Pakrashi
Mechuabazar Bomb Case

Born 1894 at Madhabdi, Dacca, Bangladesh, s/o Jagadish Pakrashi, while a school student took part in anti partition movement in 1906. Joined Anusheelan Samity, Dacca branch. Arrested in 1911 for 1 years under arms act. After release went underground and took part in 3 major actions. A) Attempt on the life of Basanta Chatterjee, Dy. Supdt. I.B> police, Calcutta on 25th November 1915. B). While in Malda , a headmaster in school was inflicted death punishment for his nefarious activity as a police informer. C) While in Guhati, Assam , broke out of Police Cordon and escaped to safety. Finally after 6 years underground he was arrested in February 1918 and released in January 1921 again arrested in 1923 and detained till 1928 after release started preparing for Arm Uprising in 3 places in Chittagong , Barisal and Calcutta .while engaged in this work he was arrested from Mechuabazar street on 19.12.1929 together with Niranjan Sen and Raman Biswas.Sentenced to 7 years transportation in June 1930. deported to the Andamans. Took part in first hunger strike of 1933,May. Repatriated in 1937. Released in 1938 . Arrested again and released in 1942. Total jail period more than period more that December 1973. His reminiscence of the 'Agniyuger Katha' was highly acclaimed by the public.


Shri Annada Charan Paul
Arms Act

Conspiracy and Shooting Born in 1908 at Chalakchar, Dacca, member of Yugantar Party at the age of 17. Absconding period 3 years. Arrested in 1933. tried in 2 separate cases and convicted for 7 years in each case, sentences to run concurrently. Was in Cellular jail from 1934-1937. Took part in the second hunger strike. Total period in jails 6 and half years. Died July 1981.

Dr. Narayan Roy
Calcutta conspiracy and Dalhousie Square( B.B.D. Bag) Bomb Case

Born 1900. s/o late K.N.Roy of kailash Bose Street, Calcutta. Joined the Yugantar Party in 1928. Was also a councillor of Calcutta Corporation at that period. Sentenced to 15 years R.I. transferred to Yerhada jail in Mumbai. From there to Cellular Cell in 1933. Participated in the two hunger strikes. Repatriated in 1938. Released in 1939. total jail period about nine years.

Indu Bhushan Ray
Alipore Bomb Case

Was convicted to 10 years R.I. previously hurled bomb at M.Tardival, Mayor of Chandannagar, Narendra Goswami wa his companion. Narendra Bandopadhyaya of Chandan Nagar organised this action. Brutal and sadistic torture in the Cellular jail made him a mental and physical wreck. In desperationhe committed suicide on 29.04.1912.


Late Subal Chandra Ray
Charmuguria Post Office Action

Awarded 7 years R.I. and deported to the Andamans. Repatriated in 1937 and released in early 1938. Total jail period about 7 years.

Nikhil Guha Roy
Shibpur- Nadia Action Faridpur, Bangladesh.

Arrested in connection with Shibpur, Nadia, Bangladesh 1915. Sentenced to transportation for life. Deported to the Andamans. Repatriated and released in early twenties. Participated in the Non Cooperation Movement. Again arrested in connection with Kandi Bomb acse. Murshidabad West Bengal and convicted , deported to the Andamans again in 1933. Repatriated in 1937. Released in 1945.


Pandit Ram Rakha
Mandalay( Myanmar) Conspiracy Case

Born at Hoshiarpur, Punjab. Was the Principal accused in Mandalay, Myanmar, Conspiracy Case. Sentenced to transportation for life. Deported to the Cellular jail. Breathed his last in 1919 while he was on hunger strike in protest against the high handed measures adopted by jail. Authorities in respect of the freedom fighters incarcerated there in and particularly tohim by not allowing him to wear his sacred thread.

Shri Bangeswar Roy
Dacca Imperial bank Action

Born 08.12.1911 at Gandaria, Dacca , Bangladesh. Belonged to Shree Sangha. Prior to his arrest on 30.10.1931 Sentenced to 10 years R.I. Deported to Andamans. Partcipated in both hunger strikes at Cellular jail and again in 1939 July in Dum Dum Central jail for 36 days. Repatriated in 1938 January. Released on 29th September 1939. Total jail period 8 years.


Shri Nishakanta Raychaudhuri
Mechuabazar Bomb Case

Born 21st March 1906 at Pabna, Bangladesh. S/o Late Durga Kanta Roychoudhury. Arrested on 28.01.1929 from 23 Marques Square. Sentenced to 5 years R.I. and deported to Andamns. Participated in first hunger strike. Repatriated and released in 1935. After release detained under B.C.L.A and released in 1938.

Shri Nripendra Dutta Roy
Medda Action Born

1st March 1919 at Medda, Brahmanbaria, Bangladesh. S/o Late Jogesh Chandra Dutta Roy, was a member of Yugantar party. Arrested 1st November 1932 and sentenced to 5 years R.I. on 7th March 1933. Escaped from Midnapore Jail but recaptured and sebtenced to 2 years R.I. on this count. Deported to the Andamans. Participated in second hunger strike. Repatriated in1937 and released in1939. Total jail period 7 years.

Shri Probodh Kumar Ray
Mymensingh Action Case

Born December ,1908 at Putiyana, Mymensingh , Bangladesh. S/o Late Rasik Ranjan Roy. Went underground in June 1930. Arrested in Saldah Action 31.10.1930. Sentenced to 7 years prison term on 10.09.1931. Deported to andamns in Aug 1932. Participated in First hunger strike. Total jail period about 8 years.



Shri Sanatan Ray
Burge Action

Born1917, Midnapore Town, s/o Late Kishoripati Roy. Arrested in connection with Burge Action while was a intermediate sciencestudent of Midnapore College., Sentenced to transportation for life. Deported to Andamans . Repatriated and released earlier, Total jail period about five and half years.

Shri Satish ChandraBasu Roy
Naldanga Action

Born 23.10.1909. Bamanhat, gaibandha, Rangpur , Bangladesh, s/o Late Priyanath Basu Roy. Belonged to Yugantar Party. Arrested in connection with Naldanga Action. Sentenced to ten years prison term in the Action case and another ten years under Arms and Explosives substance act. Sentences to run concurrently. Deported to Andamans. Took part in second hunger strike. Repatriated in 1937, November. Released in 1939. Total jail period about six years.


Shri Sitangshu Dutta Roy
Hijli Detention Camp

Born 01.07.1907, Dhaki, Mitamain, Mymensingh, Bangladesh, s/o Late Shibdas Dutta Roy. Belonged to Yugantar Party. Arrested on 14.04.1932 and detained under B.C.L.A in Hijli Detention Camp. He made an accused in the Graham District Magistrate shooting and Conspiracy Case and was sent up for trial at Ntrokona. Sentenced to six years prison term . Deported to Andamans. Took part in the second hunger strike. Repatraited and released in 1938. Interned during Quit India Movement in 1942. Total jail period more than seven years.


Shri Sudhir Kumar Roy
Manicktala Arms Find Conspiracy Case

Born in 1922 at Sealdah. Faridpur now in Bangladesh. A member of Anusheelan Samity at the age of 14. Arrested and convicted in1935 by a special tribunal in connection with Manickala Arms Find Conspiracy Case for 10 years. One year in connection with Civil disobedience movement, two years in Cellular Jail and four years in Mainland jails.


Shri Surendra MohanKar Ray
Charmuguria Post Office Action Case

Born December 1902, Madaripur, faridpur, Bangladesh, s/o Late Basanta Kumar Kar Roy. At the age of 18, joined Santi Sena a revolutionary group of Madaripur. Detained under B.C.L.A. in 1925-27. Took part in several actions such as Palong, Naria etc. Police could not trace him. Lastly arrested in connection with Charmuguria Post Office Action on 2nd March 1931. Sentenced to transportation for life. Deported to Andamans. Joined both the hunger strikes in Cellular jail. Released in 1946. Total jail period 18 years. Breathed his last in may 1980.


Subodh Roy
Chittagong Armoury Raid Case Chittagong

s/o Late ratulkumar Roy, Pleader. Participated in the assault on the Armoury raid Case and fought a pitched battle with the Army on the Jalalabad Hill on 22.11.1930. Joined the second hunger strike in Cellular Jail. Released in May 1938. Total jail period 8 years.

Late Binoy Tarafdar

Armed Action Bagura, Bangladesh. Sentenced to 5 years prison term on 25.05.1935 and sent to Andamans. Took part in second hunger strike.

Shri Debendra Talukdar

Soari kandapara Action S/o Late ramendra Talukdar. Born 1905 in Ntrakona, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Member of Anusheelan samity at age 14. Arrested in January 1932 and convicted for 7 years.Sent to Andamns December 1932. Released after serving full term.


Shri Dwjendranath Talapatra
Interprovincial Conspiracy Case

Born 1.4.1910 at Tahipur, Rajshahi, Bangladesh. S/o late Jogesh Chandra Talapatra. Joined Anushilan samity in 1926. Arrested in connection with Interprovincial conspiracy Case on 31.12.1932 while a BA student in Calcutta. Sentenced to 7 yrs and deported to Andamans. He took part in the second hunger strike in the Cellular Jail and another one in dum Dum Central jail. After release detained under DIR till 1945. Total jail period 13 years.


Shri Monoranjan Guha Thakurta

Arms Act Born 1908, Noakhali, Bangladesh. S/o Late Nishikanta Guhathakurta. Joined Yugantar Party at age 14. Arrested January 1932. Convicted for 5 years. Deported to Andamns with first batch in 1932. Participated in first hunger strike. Total period 6 years.

5 comments:

  1. My Nana Ji's name is there in this list - Mr Shyam Krishna Agrawal.

    Cant explain how content i feel...

    rgds.......chetan agrawal

    ReplyDelete
  2. This is high time a memorial is built in their honour, if not done already - at every district town, educational institutes from where these great patriots were hailed. I am seek of seeing the so called manipulative and pseudo freedom fighters took away the credits and benefits. Now is the time to show the world that we do care for the real freedom fighters who all had to undergo inhuman tortures only because they loved their motherland.

    ReplyDelete
  3. I know above listed name dr.gaya Prasad katiyar family I salute him.

    ReplyDelete
  4. I AM PROUD OF MY FATHER DR. GAYA PRASAD KATIYAR (ABOVE LIST NAME ) LIVED IN ANDMAN JAIL . WAS CLOSE ASSOCIATE OF BHAGAT SINGH AND CHANDRASHEKHAR AZAD . THANKS .. FROM KRANTI KATIYAR .. MINI L.I.G. 7 INDIRA NAGAR . KANPUR ( U.P. ) PIN 208026 . MOB. NO. 09839379070 .....

    ReplyDelete
  5. thanks for giving information about dr.gaya prasad katiyar ( my father ) .regards 09839379070 kksuman.7@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete